Author Archives: Maximus Chillers

Air Cooled Chiller Planned Maintenance

Air Cooled Chiller Planned Maintenance

An air cooled chiller planned maintenance visit for a long standing customer of ours. They have just signed up to another 3 year contract. We know at Maximus Chillers that if we want to keep our customers, we must continue to offer the Maximus Service. Maximus is Latin for the highest and the greatest

Planned Maintenance for Air Cooled Chillers

Planned maintenance is essential for these air cooled chillers as they are critical plant. They feed a large conference room which is a major part of the end user’s business. They can’t afford to loose the conference room when there is an event on. There is redundancy in the plant, but the customer always makes sure that the issues highlighted on the planned maintenance are acted on promptly. Also, the chillers feed a water cooled condenser for a pack which cools £50,000 of products used during the conferences

Air Cooled Chiller Oil Planned Maintenance

1mw of cooling across 2 air cooled chillers were undergoing planned maintenance. Our engineer noticed that the oil level was slightly below the sight glass on one of the 250kw Bitzer compressors. The machine had previously been extensively run tested to ensure no oil return issues were present. Therefore, he decided to adjust the level with the oil available onsite

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Economiser

The economisers, in the picture, were tested to ensure the solenoids were opening when the program sent the run signal. The electronic expansion valves functioned correctly and subcooled the liquid further after the condenser

Head Pressure Control

The head pressure control was functioning correctly, keeping a steady 8 bar of pressure across all stages of loading and water system temperatures. This is because these chillers use a fan speed controller for each system. The fans cut in at the minimum running speed, which prevents stalling and over heating. Also, all fans running together are more reliable. Fans fail on systems using relays or pressure switches as the higher pressure fans don’t often come on. When they do, moisture has ingressed into them causing them to fail

Follow this link to read more | Carel cut phase speed controllers


Chiller Refurbishment Supplier

Chiller Refurbishment Supplier

Maximus Chillers is an established chiller refurbishment supplier. Maximus means the highest and the greatest in Latin, so we pride ourselves in offering the highest and the greatest customer service and technical capability. There is never a job too big for Maximus Chillers- we are seasoned in following a problem through to the logical solution

Chiller Refurbishment Supplier

Parts

Any part is available to our contract customers. We have a worldwide supply chain of the best suppliers. This means any part or refrigerant can be sourced at your convenience. When a part is not available, a different part of the same design specifications is selected and usually delivered same day. By same day we mean: the part is loaded into a van- then and there- and driven to site!

Oil and Refrigerant

We keep a stock of oil, refrigerant and other materials in our stores- see picture. This provides you with 'round the corner' convenience to your factory or facility. Whatever kind of ammonia grade specialist oil you require- we have it on the shelf. With a comprehensive range of other chemicals and solvents- Maximus Chillers completes the picture

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Chiller Refurbishment Fault Finding

Our engineers are in their comfort zone while carrying out fault finding during chiller refurbishment- that is what they do best! Even when a fault involves wiring that disappears into a loom, down the other end of the machine, with no wiring diagram- Maximus Chillers can help. Usually, however, faults are obvious to our engineers or can be found easily

Technical Support Desk

Our contract customers enjoy the full benefit of our global technical support desk. We offer real time technical support with manuals being sent electronically to site. Where a time difference is involved, we arrange a time convenient to both locations, or answer emails when the office opens in the morning. If we can talk you through over the phone, we can get you up and running with the minimal disruption to your process

Visit the ASHRAE for Standards and Guidelines Under Continuous Maintenance


Industrial Refrigeration Sludge

Industrial Refrigeration Sludge

This industrial refrigeration visit is to remove sludge from the system. There had been a long period of neglect prior to Maximus Chillers attending site, so regular oil changes had not been carried out. Two oil changes have now been carried out and still a small amount of sludge still remains in the system

Industrial Refrigeration Sludge

Due to previous industrial refrigeration sludge removal, the plant was down to about half of its 60kg charge of refrigerant. It was starting to show signs of refrigerant shortage as the machine was preventing loading up. An ammonia suitable pump out unit was used to decant the remaining refrigerant into a cylinder for disposal

Pressure and Temperature

Once this had been carried out, any residual refrigerant in the oil and liquid on the low side of the plant was carefully handled until the plant was at the same pressure and temperature of the surrounding environment. See picture of some remaining liquid boiling off in an oil return vessel on the bottom of the flooded evaporator

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Industrial Refrigeration Sludge Oil

Once the pressure and temperatures equalized, our engineer drained the oil in the system from four different vessels. The oil was then removed from site for recycling. Usually, pressure helps with the process, but as the system was empty, gravity was sufficient for most parts of the plant. Nitrogen being introduced to the oil supply pipe to push it back to the oil separator

Flushing Agent

A flushing agent specially formulated for use in ammonia systems was used to aid the removal of sludge and oil from the pipework around the chiller

Evacuation

After a pressure test, the evacuation process was started. This was to boil off any remaining flushing agent, to remove non condensables and remove any moisture. A near perfect vacuum was achieved

Run up

New refrigeration grade anhydrous ammonia was charged into the system, a little at first to check for any leaks. Then, the plant was checked for effective running conditions. All readings were okay with the compressor loading up to 100% before backing off to match the load

Read more about oil analysis and testing at the Institute of Refrigeration | Click Here


Water Chiller Maintenance

Water Chiller Maintenance

Maximus chillers provides water chiller maintenance to all kinds of machine. Some of which have kilowatt hour meters fitted. This means we can monitor the reduction in energy consumption, directly as a result of our maintenance being carried out

Efficient Water Chiller Maintenance

Maintenance is carried out to ensure every aspect of your water chiller is running efficiently. We believe our Tick Sheet is the best in the industry. It looks in detail at the running conditions of the plant, component adjustments and the parameters in the controls. The Tick Sheet is used to assess if there are problems that are starting to occur before a safety shutdown happens. Below are some of the issues that we keep on top of to increase the efficiency of your plant

Shell and Tube Insulation

The build up of dirt acts as an insulator in shell and tube heat exchangers. These are used for the evaporation and the condensing of the refrigerant

The evaporator

In the evaporator, should the tubes be fouled, there will be a reduction in heat absorbed into the system. This will cause the plant to stay on longer and use considerably more energy. Should the tubes become considerably fouled, the water chiller will malfunction and eventually system shutdown will occur

The Condenser

In a shell and tube condenser, the reverse of the above will occur. Tube fouling, acting as an insulator, will prohibit the rejection of heat from the system. The head pressure control will open the condenser controls to try and assist in heat rejection. Heavy fouling will cause an increase in the consumption of energy. Eventually a safety shutdown will occur causing loss of production

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Compressor Loading

Should the loading of the compressors be found to be faulty. The plant will not be able to effectively match the load

Over Loading

Too much loading may occur, causing the water chillers to achieve set point too quickly. The plant will then go through the off cycle. This means that the plant will have to load back up, using more energy than matching the load continuously

Under Loading

Should the plant be unable to load up to the required level to match the load, this will cause the water temperature to creep up and the lag chillers being called for to match the load. More water chillers running than necessary dramatically increases energy consumption

Visit the Refcom site to read about leak checking during water chiller maintenance | Click Here


Industrial Process Chiller Maintenance

Industrial Process Chiller Maintenance

Maximus Chillers recently carried out maintenance to an Italian industrial process chiller

Maintenance of the Water Level Sensor for the Industrial Process Chiller

The industrial process chiller has a water treatment schedule, but on this visit, the water level sensor needed maintenance. This is because the three prongs of the sensor were not completing continuity. The prongs complete the continuity from the wire going into the sensor, along the prong, then to another wire completing continuity back to the controls of the chiller

Low Water Prong

If the controls loose continuity to the low water prong, the alarm is triggered and a call out is arranged to resolve the issue

Correct Level Prong

In normal operation, the correct level prong is activated and the chiller runs as normal

High Water Level Prong

Should the high water level prong be activated, again the alarm is triggered and a call out arranged

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Maintenance Visit to the Industrial Process Chiller

As we were already on site to carry out the maintenance, there was no need to arrange a call out. We soaked the sensor for an hour in a special a decontamination chemical that has been designed to restore the prongs. That done, the rest of the maintenance was carried out including the tightening of the wiring and motor connectors. It was possible to do this on this visit as the factory was not in production

Run Testing

All readings around the chiller were taken when the factory went back into production. We found the fridge system to be working with optimum efficiency, meaning that the chiller will use the optimum amount of electricity. Efficiency is a great concern to a factory as they want to reduce their carbon footprint as much as possible

Follow this link for the IOR celebration of chiller service engineers | Click Here


Chilling Plant Service

Chilling Plant Service

Our customer had been having high pressure service problems on his chilling plant

Transducer Required Chilling Plant Service

The 4-20mA transducer needed service on the chilling plant. It was reading low by a long shot. Therefore, the PLC was not bringing the fans on as it should. The pressure in the high side of the system was getting up to 40 bar. This is because the refrigerant was R410a- it has a higher head pressure than other commonly used HFC refrigerants, such as, R407c. We ordered the replacement transducer which is fitted with a female fitting

Chilling Plant Service Leaks

He concentrated his attention on the high side of the system to start with. Then, found a leak on a fitting, a leak on the pressure relief valve fitting and a leak on the liquid line near the drier. A sealant was used for leaks on the fittings- they were removed, cleaned and refitted. The leak on the liquid line was re sealed by removing the section of pipe, removing any remaining solder then the section of pipe was re made

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Pressure Test

The remaining parts of the system were leak tested then the chilling plant was put on a pressure test to ensure the whole system was leak free. The pressure test was satisfactory and so the evacuation process could be started

Evacuation Process 

Each of our engineers has a powerful vac pump to speed up the dehydration process on the chilling plant being serviced. This means that a deep vacuum can often be pulled on the same day instead of the usual overnight process. The nitrogen and other non condensables were removed quickly and the Torr gauge came down to the pressure where moisture was being removed. At this pressure, any moisture is forced to boil off around the system

Recharging of the Chilling Plant Being Serviced

In the photo, the chilling plant is being recharged at the end of the service work. It is being recharged into the liquid side of the evaporator. All readings were okay when running the system and further leak tests were carried out at normal operating pressures

Read more about refrigerant reclamation by following this link to Wikipedia | Click Here


Chiller Condenser Retrofitting

Chiller Condenser Retrofitting

We recently undertook the job to carry out bespoke chiller condenser retrofitting in the North West

Rusted and Corroded Condenser

The old condenser looked alright on the surface- the fins were in good condition. The chiller condenser was 18 years old and when an attempt to repair a leak was carried out- the condenser leaked further along. This is because of the warming of rusted and corroded copper with an oxy-acetylene torch

Chiller Condenser Retrofitting

We arrived on site to measure up for the job. The ‘V’ chiller condenser being retrofitted was built to order. We manufactured an exact replica to the same specifications and sizes of the old one. The operating pressures and high pressure cut out limit were taken into account in the design and the use of materials

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Lift Out of Chiller Condenser being Retrofitted

On the day of the lift and shift we isolated the panel and checked it was dead, then we removed the panel and laid it on it’s front. This was to access the rivets behind the panel. These rivets, the ones on the other end of the chiller and around the lid were removed using a tool. The fans were disconnected and removed to make the lid lighter to lift off. Then, we attached slings to the chiller condenser and lifted both halves of the 'V' out

Lift In of the Chiller Condenser being Retrofitted

This part we did not want to get wrong as the chiller condenser being retrofitted was brand new and did not have a mark on it. A reverse of the removal- it fitted perfectly just the same as the old one. With the lid lifted back on and the fans in- time for brazing then the pressure test

Pressure Test, Dehydration and Recharge

The pressure test was satisfactory so our engineer put the system on vac for dehydration purposes and the removal of non condensables. After a deep vacuum was achieved the system was recharged and run tested. No issues were found

Read more about air cooled condensers at the Institute of Refrigeration Click Here


Industrial Refrigeration Ammonia Cat Ladder

Industrial Refrigeration Ammonia

The industrial refrigeration ammonia visit was in Aberystwyth. We look after 2 ammonia chillers on site. They are 10 year old chillers that have been designed to need ongoing attention. Quite easy job as the faults they go into are reoccurring round in a circle. They have previously had the same problems

Ammonia Shaft Seal for Industrial Refrigeration

The industrial refrigeration shaft seal had started to leak ammonia. It was replaced by removing the shaft seal cover, splitting the coupling and sliding the shaft seal over the shaft. After removing the non condensables, we reintroduced the ammonia back into the compressor. The 'o' rings leaked

Leaking Industrial Refrigeration Ammonia 'O' Rings

Ammonia leaks of industrial refrigeration ‘o’ rings occurs because they become flattened and plastic like. This is caused by heat around the high side of the screw compressor. When there is pressure in the system- the oil if forced against the gap- making a seal. After the ammonia refrigerant had been handled- the oil ran away- causing the leak when the ammonia was reintroduced

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Lift and Shift for Ammonia Visit

The pipework and ancillaries had been removed from the compressor prior to the ammonia visit. Our lift and shift guys arrived and set up their lifting equipment. They raised the compressor and manoeuvred it on across the roof. They then manoeuvred it up then down some steps. They used lifting equipment to get the compressor, end on- down a cat ladder

Tear Down of the Ammonia Screw Compressor

It is always better to tear down this kind of compressor in a workshop- on a bench with compressed air and all the tools nearby. We unbolted the castings and slid the screw out. The various castings being laid out in a line. We replaced the ‘o’ rings for new the rebuilt the compressor

Ammonia Refrigerant Charging
Ammonia Refrigerant Charging

Ammonia Refrigerant Charge

Part of the ammonia refrigerant had been handled during the visit. This left the compressor pipework, compressor and the oil separator open to atmosphere. The non condensables were evacuated. In the photo we are lifting the cylinder up a cat ladder into the plant room. From there it needed to be man handled up some steps, down some steps and out onto the roof. We charged the ammonia plant with liquid ammonia until the superheat and subcooling values were within industry known limits. The sight glass levels and condition were monitored too

If you would like to buy an introduction to ammonia refrigeration from the iiar Click Here


Chilled Water System Repair

Chilled Water System Repair of Condenser

Chilled Water System Condenser Beyond Repair

Chilled water system repair of condenser was required because the previous company had been chasing leaks round in a circle. Therefore, the customer had decided to buy a new condenser. This was our first job with a new Maintenance Contract, so we wanted to make a good impression

Condenser Removal on the Chilled Water System

There was no refrigerant in the chilled water system so our engineer cut the discharge and liquid line to the condenser. He then removed the rivets so the frame could be taken apart. Lifting equipment was fitted to the old condenser to aid the removal. Then, slings were fitted and a forklift truck removed the old condenser

Condenser Replacement on the Chilled Water System

Our engineer supervised the condenser replacement on the chilled water system. He found that the new condenser did not fit correctly. The new condenser was 5mm thicker than the old one. It was decided to lift it back out and angle grind the frame to make more room. Once this was completed, the new condenser fitted correctly and was bolted in place

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Chilled Water System Pipework Repair

The pipework had to be repaired and brazed in on the chilled water system. Then, the standard practice of a pressure test to ensure the integrity of the system

The Evacuation Process

Having passed the pressure test, our engineer set up the vac pump and started the evacuation process. This is to dehydrate the system by pulling a vacuum of less than 2 Torr. Any moisture in the system will boil away and leave the system dry

Recharge and Test Operation

The refrigerant is R410a. Our engineer put around half the charge in, then trimmed the remaining charge according to the superheat and subcooling values. He monitored the chilled water system for the rest of the day. He was looking for leaks as the plant was at operating pressures of 30 Bar. All was well, so the customer signed off the paperwork as he was pleased with the capability of our engineer

Read more about air cooled condenser installation at the Institute of Refrigeration Click Here


Chilled Water System Service near Saint Basil's Cathedral

Global Chilled Water System Service

Moscow Visit

Always good to get out of the country to carry out global chilled water system service. Just had a little free time this visit to see Red Square and Saint Basil's Cathedral. Most of the visit was bogged down resolving issues

Electrical Problems

One of the water cooled chillers was pumping down due to electrical problems. One of the solenoids for the evaporator was not opening. All checked out okay with the solenoid coil and valve. Following the wiring diagram lead to the relay board. The relay board is responsible to run various components around the compressor. It was not obviously blown and there were no dry soldered joints on the back. I decided to tighten up the wiring and unplug, then plug all the connectors back in. When I ran the chiller again the problem went away

Chilled Water System Global Service

As we provide a global service for chilled water systems: we cannot get back the day after leaving site. Therefore, after resolving the above issue, I ran the system in local with some of the other systems off to prove it. All was okay. After completing the rest of the service on the chillers I put the whole of the plant back in Auto to prove it all together

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Flow Switch Failure During Global Chilled Water System Service

The flow switch failed in one of the most remote plant rooms in the globe for chilled water system service. This is due to security issues.  The chiller did not stop when a test was carried out. I didn't want to valve off the water system as the air handlers are old and 'dead heading' could cause failure. Instead I decided to use the Hand/ Off/ Auto switch for the pump. After several attempts of trimming I got the switch to settle down, then carried out tests to make sure it would not happen again

Read More industry news on the Refcom website

 


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